The ancient science of Ayurveda believes in three different doshas or dynamic energies - Vata, Pitta, and Kapha – as sustaining the human body. The entire system of Ayurveda medicine is based on the theory that all diseases emanate from lack of synthesis of these three doshas. In other words, any imbalance in the doshas is what provokes the disease in the human system. Ayurveda aims at restoring any imbalance through the regulation of the doshas.
The Ayurveda treatment of diseases predominantly consists of balanced food intake, herbal preparations, yoga, meditation and forms of a lifestyle applicable to each individual constitution.
Vata Dosha is identified as the principle of physical movement in all living beings and is reportedly a mixture of the two elements - air and space. Vata Dosha is also intimately connected to the nervous system.
People belonging to Vata Dosha are distinguished by certain physical characteristics and mental traits. People who are of Vata constitution are generally lean, either very tall or too short with flat chests and pronounced veins and muscle tendons. The skin color complexion is invariably brownish and quite often dry. The hair is sparse and curly and the eyes may be less prominent and without the spark. They have bent nose and the nails are fragile and brittle.
As regards food preferences, people of Vata category are fond of sweets and items that are sour and salty as also hot beverages, like herbal teas. The urine output is often meager and the stools are dry, solid and scanty. They sweat less even in humid conditions and sleep for fewer hours.
They are usually physically agile and mentally alert but with limited memory powers. They are devoid of willpower, short-tempered, intolerant and are mostly diffident and lacking in courage. Vata people earn money quickly but are extravagant and thus in constant need of money.
Some of the common ailments people of Vata Dosha category are – frequent headaches, stress, throat problems accompanied by dry coughs, earaches, erratic heart beats, muscular spasms, lower back or hip pain, irregular bowl movements, flatulence, nervous disorders, menstrual cramps in women, premature ejaculation and erectile dysfunctions, arthritis etc.
As regards general health and well-being, Vata type people must learn to develop regular food and sleep habits and maintain systematic daily routine. They must cultivate good personal relationships and create suitable ambience work and movement. It is also equally important to control impulses, stay calm and reorient mental attitudes, emotional reactions, and overall behavior pattern.
Whenever possible, associate with people who are known to be calm and subdued. Make it a point to walk briskly during early mornings, meditate every day for a few minutes and practice deep breathing.
Vata doshais said to exacerbate and get worsened during autumn and early winter months. During these periods, Vata types should stick to the prescribed types of food and eat less of other types.
People of Vata Dosha type will do well to remember that the imbalance caused by excess Vata Dosha can get aggravated by undue mental stress, excessive physical exertion, irregular daily routine, lack of sleep, intake of raw, cold or dry foods, undertaking long travels, consuming coffee, tea and other aerated drinks and use of tobacco.